When they meet this afternoon, several intangibles will be in play. Namely, STETHS, who are first in the zone on goal difference over Lacovia (both have 9 points), will be on familiar home turf in Santa Cruz and will be backed by their band of rabid supporters. Striker Wright out STETHS will also be taking the field without one of their most lethal strikers in Romeo Wright, who suffered a broken leg in a recent match against Maggotty. The defending champions will still be smarting from that shock 1-0 loss to Lacovia on Thursday. Munro, meanwhile, third in the zone with 8 points, on the other hand, has been getting more than satisfactory results recently to include a strong fight back to secure a draw against Maggotty. The Lance Morgan-coached Munro then slapped a solid 6-1 spanking on Black River in preparation for today’s derby. “We are aiming to top the zone. We haven’t done so in a number of years, but we like our chances this time around against STETHS,” Morgan told the Gleaner. “I am expecting a humdinger of a contest in Santa Cruz. Two of the best teams in the zone and more a Munro versus STETHS is always going to be an exciting affair. It should be interesting,” Morgan said. And it is promising that and much more. As STETHS coach Omar Wedderburn stated, his team will be taking the attack to Munro. “All our frustration will be taken out on this Munro team. We lost against Lacovia and while it’s not really a setback, we want some form of revenge and so it is that we meet Munro next,” reasoned Wedderburn. Another hot-button match-up is in Zone A, where St. James high will tackle Cornwall College. Both teams are locked on maximum 12 points from four matches and have looked impressive doing so. Western Bureau While there will be a number of high stakes ISSA/Flow daCosta Cup matches set for this afternoon, few, if any will carry interests as the Zone E derby featuring St. Elizabeth Technical and Munro College in Santa Cruz is promising to do. Over the years, this match-up has taken on a significance that has transcended a mere football spectacle and is arguably the competition’s biggest rivalry, even laying down a challenge towards the Cornwall College/Rusea’s derby at its heights in the 90’s or the Clarendon College/Vere Technical one-two punch of the eighties. In Zone K, Dinthill (12 points) and Ewarton (9pts) will also be of keen interest, as they continue setting the pace in that zone. Other interesting matches pit Zone E contenders Newell (5pts) against a Lacovia side still on cloud nine, after their first victory over STETHS in eight years on Thursday to join the champions on 9 points, while Manchester and Mile Gully will provide serious goal-mouth action in their top-of-the-table Zone F clash. STETHS has been the more successful in recent years obviously but Munro and its supporters still pride itself as the standard by which all others should be judged in St. Elizabeth and so will not go quietly and cede STETHS the throne. Today’s matches McGrath vs. Guys Hill Green Pond vs. Anchovy Maldon vs. Irwin St. James vs. Cornwall College Rusea’s vs. Knockalva Cedric Titus vs. Muschett William Knibb vs. Herbert Morrison Maud McLeod vs. Petersfield Godfrey Stewart vs. Grange Hill Newell vs. Lacovia STETHS vs. Munro Manchester vs. Mile Gully BB Coke vs. deCarteret York Castle vs. Browns Town A Gallimore vs. Ocho Rios Steer Town vs. Marcus Garvey Ewarton vs. Dinthill Fair Prospect vs. Port Antonio Garvey Maceo vs. Denbigh Glenmiur vs. Winston Jones Vere vs. Bustamante Kemps Hill vs. Tacius Golding Central High vs. Old Harbour Paul Bogle vs. Morant Bay Robert Lightbourne vs. St Thomas Tech Seaforth vs. Yallahs Titchfield vs. Happy Grove
ADELAIDE, Australia, (CMC): West Indies all-rounder Kieron Pollard shone with the ball but then flattered to deceive with the bat, as his Adelaide Strikers were eliminated from play-off contention with a six-run loss to Sunil Narine’s Melbourne Renegades in the Big Bash League yesterday. Opting to field first, Strikers watched as the visitors rallied to a challenging 171 for nine from their 20 overs but could only muster 165 for eight in reply, to come up short. The defeat kept Strikers bottom of the eight-team standings on four points while Renegades moved into fifth spot on six points, to stay alive in the tournament. Opener Marcus Harris slammed 85 from 53 deliveries while Callum Ferguson chipped in with a 16-ball 26, to propel the Renegades innings. The left-handed Harris put on 55 for the first wicket with captain Aaron Finch (19) and a further 45 for the second wicket with Cameron White (10). Narine, batting at number seven, made only two. Pollard finished with three for 30 from three overs of slow medium, claiming the dangerous Ferguson in the final over caught in the deep off a slower ball. In reply, several batsmen got starts but failed to carry on as Strikers slumped to their fifth defeat of the season. Opener Ben Dunk top-scored with 32 off 25 deliveries in a 53-run, first wicket stand with Tim Ludeman who made 29 from 22 balls. Once they were separated, however, wickets fell steadily as Sri Lankan seamer Thisara Perera sliced through the innings to finish with four for 25. Pollard, who has struggled with the bat throughout the tournament, struck 22 from 17 deliveries with a four and a six batting at number four, helping to add 27 for the third wicket with Jake Weatherald (11). The Trinidadian was fourth out in the 14th over with the score on 98 for four, brilliantly taken on the deep square leg boundary by Ferguson off Perera. FIFTH DEFEAT
Four tournaments into his season, Phil Mickelson showed signs of turning the corner Thursday. Mickelson, nowhere near the leaderboard since his collapse at the U.S. Open last summer, eagled his final hole at Poppy Hills for a 7-under 65 to share the lead with rookie John Mallinger and Nick Watney in the Pebble Beach National Pro-Am. Rock, sidelined by the chicken pox last year in Kuala Lumpur, had seven birdies and a bogey on the Saujana Golf and Country Club course. Indian rookie S.S.P. Chowrasia shot a 67, and American Edward Loar was another stroke back along with Australia’s Kane Webber and Argentina’s Rafael Echenique. Three of the biggest stars in the field struggled. Northern Ireland’s Darren Clarke opened with a 74, and New Zealand’s Michael Campbell and England’s Lee Westwood, the 1997 Malaysian Open winner, shot 75s. WOMEN’S GOLF South Korea’s Ahn Sun-ju shot an 8-under 64 to take a two-stroke lead after the first round of the Australian Ladies Masters. The 19-year-old Ahn had 10 birdies and two bogeys on the Royal Pines course in the event sanctioned by the Australian and European tours. Wales’s Rebecca Brewerton and Sweden’s Cecilia Ekelundh opened with 66s. Americans Cristie Kerr and Natalie Gulbis were five strokes back after 69s. Five-time champion Karrie Webb, coming off a victory last week in the Women’s Australian Open, shot a 71. – From News Services 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Whether this week marks the return of Mickelson won’t be decided for three more days. One thing was clear on a gray afternoon on the Monterey Peninsula was the return of the miserable conditions that have made this tournament infamous over the years. It was cold, wet and windy – known as “Crosby” weather in these parts because of the years when Bing Crosby was the tournament host. Mickelson and Watney played at Poppy Hills, the easiest of three courses in the rotation because it is the farthest from the Pacific Ocean and shielded by trees. The best round belonged to Mallinger, a 27-year-old rookie who was on the wrong course at the right time. He was at Pebble Beach, which is exposed to the wind along the cliffs of the ocean. Mallinger, however, started his round on the 10th tee in the virtual calm of the morning, and gusts strong enough to topple a tree at Spyglass Hill didn’t arrive until he had only five holes remaining. Jim Furyk played his best golf in the worst conditions, making five birdies on the back nine at Spyglass Hill for a 67. Also at 67 was Arjun Atwal, another early starter at Pebble Beach who went without a bogey until the 18th. The wind was blowing so hard off the ocean that his tee shot sailed right of a bunker, nearly into the hedges. Mickelson, a two-time winner at Pebble Beach, ran off three straight birdies on the back nine at Poppy Hills, made the turn in 31 and then settled for pars in the cold, blustery conditions until the par-5 ninth, where he shot into a share of the lead. EUROPEAN TOUR England’s Robert Rock shot a 6-under 66 – his lowest score in a PGA European Tour-sanctioned event – to take a one-stroke lead after the first round of the Malaysian Open.
In the meantime, Santa Clarita gets a series of woodlands, trails and parkland that could last forever. For only $25 a year – or as much as $55 in 2037 – Santa Clarita residents can have a greenbelt surrounding the city. By law, if the assessment passes, the majority of the land will remain in its natural state. No structures can be built, no gyms or ball fields or public buildings dedicated to some politician. Just open space. Let’s talk finance for a minute. The yearly $25 cost would be less than the average person pays for two movie tickets and a small popcorn. It’s less than dinner for two at pretty much any restaurant. It’s half of what one person pays to get into Magic Mountain; it’s less than the average Santa Clarita resident spends a month at Starbucks. For coffee. Open space. Sounds like the place people like to go to get away from, say, urban sprawl or the bustle of everyday living. On a tiny scale, lawns and yards provide a little bit of open space between houses and apartments. We groom them and nurture them to protect what solace we have at home. On a larger scale, voters in Santa Clarita have the opportunity to approve the purchase of open spaces surrounding our community with an assessment of $25 per year. This assessment – call it a tax if you must, but it’s not – may go up $1 a year for no more than 30 years, when the Open Space District it creates will sunset. Now there have been those people who don’t like this proposal because the city is behind it. I live near those idiots in Canyon Country who were given the chance to pay a pittance for median improvements so we could have some greenery in the middle of Whites Canyon Road. Instead of seeing it as a chance to beautify the gateway of our corner of the world, they voted it down because the greenery wasn’t something they could see from their front doors. Now my neighborhood is easy to find – we’re the ones just behind the dirty cement median between the new Todd Longshore Park and Plum Canyon Road. The only good thing? The city money that would have matched our assessment went toward building the Veteran’s Historical Plaza – in Newhall, on the other side of town, lots of greenery with a generous dose of patriotism. I always hear people saying there’s too much development, too much traffic, too many buildings, too much grading. My son, who lives in Virginia where rolling hills define front yards, comes home every now and then to more and more development shock. My brother-in-law, who grew up in Newhall, came home for a reunion last year and didn’t recognize his hometown at all. How do you think development like that is stopped? Anyone? How about buying the land so there won’t BE development? I know, it’s too simple – but it’s the only doable solution we have, and the city has stepped forward to help us achieve a natural buffer between us and the encroaching Valley to the south that most people moved up here to avoid. There are some who say this proposal is flawed because land on the west and north are already gone to the communities of Stevenson Ranch and Castaic. Sorry, folks, but your song is old and tired. I heard it 20 years ago when developers started taking down old buildings because we didn’t have that many, so why bother saving our history? Thank goodness that thinking has changed, and people are starting to appreciate the heritage around us. Who led that charge? Surprise! That was the city of Santa Clarita, which helped save the Newhall Ranch House and Pardee House, preserving the Pioneer Oil Refinery and now working on a historic preservation ordinance. The city is also what stopped 1,000 homes from being built in Whitney Canyon. That pristine land was supposed to be gone by now, but the city’s action saved the 400-acre parcel from becoming the home of more people, crime, traffic and wear and tear on the environment. Now we don’t need to go a long way to hike a trail or sit and watch a hawk soar over a canyon. You have a chance to add to that greenbelt by voting “yes.” Information is already being sent out to every resident of the city; ballots will be delivered on May 25 and must be returned by July 10. Informational meetings are set up May 24 and June 21 if you want to learn more. You have a chance to make a difference for yourselves, your children and grandchildren and make Santa Clarita an island surrounded by an unspoiled corridor of wildlife where residents can get back to nature. I’m willing to forgo a movie date to take my grandkids walking near a stream. How about you? To post your own stories and photos, log on to valleynews.com.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
ENTERTAINMENT: It’s The Bank Holiday Weekend and The Brewery Bar has some amazing entertainment lined up for you. The bar continues to go from strength-to-strength, it serves delicious food daily to 10pm. And they’ve got some of the biggest and brightest acts in the music industry playing LIVE all throughout the weekend.Tonight, Matthew Crampsie is LIVE, while on Saturday the hugely popular Voice of Ireland star Johnny Kolhmeyer is LIVE.DJ Oisín will bang out all your chart favourites to keep you rocking into the wee early hours.On Sunday – Karaoke Sunday’s are everybody’s favourite, showcase your talents and have a laugh at the same time. Bank Holiday Monday – String Empire will keep the party rocking!ALL cocktails are just €5 – ALL WEEKEND!THE BREWERY, we’ve got you covered!BANK HOLIDAY WEEKEND IS HERE – THE BREWERY BAR IS THE PLACE TO BE……….. was last modified: April 29th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Milford native Arthur McMahon, Padraig MacGinty from Downings, Convoy’s Gavin Harris and Gerard Callaghan of Letterkenny are the only Irish team taking part in this year’s Race Across America.They have now passed the half way mark as they cross Kansas State. They started in Oceanside, Southern California last Saturday from one of the longest piers in California. They then travelled east traversing three major mountain ranges, Sierra, Rocky and the Appalachian with heights reaching 11,000 ft and rising.The cycle crossed one of America’s longest rivers, Colorado, and they have passed through such iconic American landmarks such as the Mohave, Sonoran Desert and Monument Valley. The four Donegal men have cycled non-stop now for over 96 hours. Their chief of Crew Boyd Robinson has made sure that his crew keep the lads not only safe on the road but fed and hydrated.He has ensured the men are getting plenty of rest in between stints to ensure their bodies can cope with the length of the stints in what can only be described as the most incredible weather conditions imaginable.Being from Ireland these lads are not used to the intense heat and sand storms they endured through the desert before being hit by the most incredible wind, rain, thunder and lightening storms in Kansas.But none of these conditions took the focus of the job on hand for these cyclists. They are here to cycle across America to raise money for Autism and that’s what they intend to do. With approximately three days left in the race they still have to cross several States before they reach the finish line In Annapolis, Maryland and they are hoping that this will happen on Saturday next.The hope is that they will reach the destination as early in the day as possible but will all depend on the direction of the wind between Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania and finally Maryland.The four men are overwhelmed with the support and well wishes they have received from home, family and friends from all across the world.They would like to thank everyone who has donated for their charity fundraiser so far. Every cent of the money raised will go towards providing schools, sports clubs and charities with educational aids for children and adults on the Autistic Spectrum.With around another 1600 miles to go please support them if you can on your online and social media channels. The Donegal Oil Foundation have set up an online donation page and donations can be made through the following link:https://www.ifundraise.ie/3801_donegal-oil-foundation—fundraising-page-in-aid-of-austism.htmlYou can also follow the Race on Our Facebook Page.TeamDonegalOilIrelandRaceAcrossAmerica2018/ Donegal’s team of 4 cross half way mark in Race Across America for autism was last modified: June 21st, 2018 by Chris CannonShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:autismCYCLINGDonegal Oil FoundationRace Across America
Not only has man always been man, he could not have lived as many years ago as claimed.With discoveries that various species of “Homo” interbred, the evolutionary story of their progress upward to modern man has already unraveled (1/03/14). Now, it’s becoming even more implausible to think humans gradually ascended from stupid to smart over hundreds of thousands of years.In Current Biology, Jean-Jacques Hublin summarized the fight between lumpers and splitters in paleoanthropological taxonomy: “The bushy nature of the human evolutionary tree in the past 3 million years is widely accepted. Yet, a spectacular new fossil of early Homo has prompted some paleoanthropologists to prune our family tree.” But if the tree is bushy, it doesn’t matter how you lump or split it: it’s not the picture Darwin predicted.PhysOrg reported a fossil claimed to be an ape-like Paranthropus that was supposedly evolving into Homo erectus, but if there was gene flow between Homo erectus and Neanderthals—as is now believed—it creates a severe break between the first two links. Moreover, the feet of the specimen show that this ape spent most of its life in the trees. It went extinct, the article says, not evolving into a human line.A new mitochrondrial genome from a fossil in Spain said to be 300,000 years old, announced in Nature, continues the trend: “Here we determine an almost complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos and show that it is closely related to the lineage leading to mitochondrial genomes of Denisovans.” They could not decide between four “scenarios” to explain the “unexpected link” of this old fossil with more modern ones.Science Daily reported on research at Notre Dame that showed diet in rabbits can have a profound effects on skull shape, leading the scientists to warn of caution when interpreting remains. “By being able to track the extent to which morphological changes in the cranium track (or do not track) dietary changes, we were also able to evaluate the extent to which skeletal structure can be used to infer behavior in the fossil record, a common assumption that surprisingly is largely untested,” they said. This could mean that some skull features are not evolutionary phenomena, but traits modified by the locally-available food type.Live Science focused on the difficulty of getting ancient DNA free of contamination. “The DNA of a Neanderthal found in a Siberian cave has been sequenced, thanks to a new technique that weeded out contamination from modern humans.” Prior to the new technique, “Many of the most important fossils are contaminated,” the article said.Science Magazine reported two papers that agree Neanderthals shared genes with modern humans, but claims most of the genes were disease genes that modern humans have been eliminating by purifying selection. About 1% to 3% of Neanderthal DNA remains in the human genome, Ann Gibbons said, claiming that Neanderthals and modern humans were at the “edge of incompatibility” genetically. The BBC News flatly declared that “Neanderthals gave us disease genes,” but then quoted a researcher saying “We found evidence that Neanderthal skin genes made Europeans and East Asians more evolutionarily fit.” Science Daily also gave the new interpretation, adding that Neanderthal genes are probably largely absent from African populations, because the two populations did not interbreed (but data are lacking). Still, since they did not hybridize, they were interfertile – surprising after 500,000 years of separation in the evolutionary timeline. See also the summary in Nature News by Ewen Callaway, “Modern human genomes reveal our inner Neanderthal.” Another article on Live Science says up to 20% of the human genome is Neanderthal, and some of it was beneficial. With no knowledge of marriage practices in these groups of human beings, New Scientist assumed the genetic sharing was due to “hanky-panky.” It would seem, though, that thriving offspring that spread these genes widely would presuppose stable family structures.Researchers in Spain were surprised to find that pigments used in cave paintings did not change for some 6,000 years, even though the humans were transitioning during that time from hunter-gatherers to farmers (Science Daily). If they were smart enough to farm, were they not smart enough to invent new artistic media for some 3,000 years?A separate finding reported by Live Science and Science Daily further strains the evolutionary dates. Could it be that at least 240,000 years before the Neanderthal-modern human “hanky panky” began, early humans were using the same campfires? Fire pit remains in an Israel cave show continuous use of fire in the same spot. The probability that family units were gathering regularly would seem to show enough intelligence and culture to strain credulity that nothing more interesting happened for so long. To rescue the evolutionary story, they had to put the evolution further in the past: “The researchers think that these findings, along with others, are signs of substantial changes in human behavior and biology that commenced with the appearance in the region of new forms of culture — and indeed a new human species — about 400,000 years ago.” Science Daily topped that with the opening line, “Humans, by most estimates, discovered fire over a million years ago.“In all, these stories show the same pattern common to most fossil remains: abrupt appearance, stasis, and extinction or survival with little change. No one is claiming that humans shared genes with Paranthropus or the other ape-like fossils; a large genetic gap seems evident there. But there appears to be a single interfertile Homo sapiens population that makes the distinctions academic between the artificial labels Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis, Homo heidelbergensis and others. Moreover, it becomes increasingly hard to believe that people with the mental and bodily equipment to be our peers, shaping tools and making art, never thought of anything better to do than hunt and sit around cave campfires for 300,000 years, 400,000 years, or a million years.Here’s what you do to demonstrate the craziness of the evolutionary mythical timeline. Get a 10-foot rope. Stretch it out before the audience and call it a one-million-year timeline. Mark one foot near the end; that represents 100,000 years ago. Mark one tenth of that (1.2″); that represents 10,000 years ago. About half an inch on the rope would represent all of recorded history – time we can document from the earliest language records. As the audience looks on in astonishment at the tiny fraction of recorded history compared to the assumed evolutionary time, remind them that in the time represented by that half inch, humans went from simple villages to the moon, invented rockets and computers, created the Library of Congress and the internet, wrote the vast corpus of classical music, generated great art, explored almost every inch of the planet, built science stations in Antarctica, created smart phones and monster trucks and genetically-engineered crops and rodeos and zoos and space stations. During those 6,000 years, the population has skyrocketed, and populations have scattered around every island, fought major wars, competed for major projects. The Industrial Revolution, the Information Revolution, everything we read about in History of Civilization took place. Rub it in till it hurts, then show them the rest of the rope and ask, “Do the evolutionists really mean to tell us that our equals—physically and mentally—sat around cave campfires for nearly a million years, with nothing better to do? That not a single individual in all that time thought of riding a horse, planting a farm, or inventing a wheel, or finding a way to write down their language? The idea is so absurd it is surprising more people are not laughing their heads off at the story. We know what people are like. We know our curiosity, our intelligence, our wanderlust. We know that there’s always a substantial strain of dreamers who are not content with the same old, same old all the time, year after year after 100,000 years.Some deep rumination on the facts should powerfully argue for a youthful human race. The burden of proof should be on the moyboys to explain why it is not stupid to believe in long ages. (Notice that theistic evolutionists, day-age creationists and progressive creationists deserve the same reproach.) If you believe the creation is young, stop being so sheepish, acting embarrassed in your attempts to explain why you doubt what “scientists” say about the age of the earth. Go on the offensive! You have logic and common sense on your side. You have empirical documented history on your side. Think about that rope timeline long enough, think about the Darwin myth that depends on that time, and you will erupt in howls of laughter. Let them blush. It will be a new experience for them, long overdue. (Visited 100 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Evolution spectacularly fails to explain one of the planet’s most intriguing animals.No contest. It was like watching a presumed world champion forfeit at the beginning of a highly-advertised boxing match. The National Geographic banner reads, “How the Venomous, Egg-Laying Platypus Evolved.” The tension in the arena is electric as the champion steps into the ring. The announcer introduces the champion and states the rules. Finally, NG will crush the creationist opponent by answering the long-standing challenge!If there was a poster animal for diversification, it would have to be the platypus. It looks like an otter that’s gone trick-or-treating as a duck.It’s a mashup that inspired Mark Anthony Libre to ask Weird Animal Question of the Week: “How did [the platypus] evolve in this unlikely fashion?”It was not to be. The presumed champion quit in the first round, uttering a barrage of excuses. Reporter Liz Langley interviews shamed contestant Wes Warren (Washington University, St Louis) for explanation.“The platypus is an Australian mammal with some weirdly reptilian traits, like egg-laying.” This is an observation, not an explanation.“While we think of mammals and reptiles as very different, at one time they were more closely related,” says Warren. This is an assertion from his own position, not an argument.“Warren led the 2008 study that found that the platypus has genetic similarities to reptiles, birds, and mammals.” This should constitute a falsification to evolutionists, since the three groups are separated by millions of years, and no other mammal retained the particular traits of the platypus. Langley writes, “Mammal-like reptiles diverged from the lineage they shared with birds and reptiles about 280 million years ago.” Then in the evolutionary scenario, “Around 80 million years later, the monotremes—or egg-laying mammals—split off from the mammalian lineage, says Rebecca Young, a biologist at the University of Texas at Austin,” intervening like an assistant helping to help revive the boxer who is sweating in the corner.How about some fossils? Warren points to an extinct monotreme from South America with a duckbilled snout like the platypus’s, but then says, “but is likely not close kin.” The crowd boos, impatient with the lack of explanation.Warren quits the arena without answering the challenge. “But why platypuses ‘stopped evolving and losing these components that make a mammal a mammal,’ such as fur, remains a mystery, says Warren.”Seeking to save face after the disastrous forfeit, the assistant intercedes again: “Speaking of evolution, the platypus is a good reminder that the process can be random, with mutations and adaptations that happen along the way, Young says.”The forfeiture is evident from Young’s appeal to the Stuff Happens Law. But the platypus is clearly not random. It is a unified whole, fully adapted to its habitat. It can hunt in the dark with an electric sense. It has cute eyes and sleek fur. The males have a poison spur on the foot that Warren knows cannot be explained by mutations and selection over millions of years.Warren led a 2010 study that found 83 toxins in platypuses’ venom, which contains genes that resemble the venom genes of other animals, including snakes, starfish, and spiders.So what is his explanation for that? Langley displays it on the arena’s projection screens: “It’s likely an example of convergent evolution, in which unrelated species evolve similar traits.” Excuses about convergence are even evident in the platypus’s scientific name: Ornithorhynchus paradoxus, which means, “a paradox of an animal with a bird-like mouth.”The creationist challenger is doing a victory dance in the ring, to the cheers of the crowd, as Warren’s supporters boo and leave in disgust. “Convergent evolution” is no explanation at all. A trait is unlikely to emerge by chance one time, let alone 83 times! Does Warren and his NG sponsor really expect the crowd to believe that the platypus lucked out imitating snakes, starfish and spiders?The creationist takes the microphone. “The platypus is real,” he says. “It’s not a duck costume stuck on an otter.” He reminds them that evolutionists at first thought the platypus was a hoax when it was revealed to British scientists in 1798 (British zoologist George Shaw even cut into the duckbill with scissors, looking for stitches). Instead, he continues, the platypus is a beautifully designed animal with numerous irreducibly complex traits magnificently designed for its habitat. “I wouldn’t be surprised,” he quips, to the chuckles of the audience, “if the Creator made the platypus to embarrass evolutionists.” (Visited 226 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Every summer, a “dead zone” forms in the Gulf of Mexico. Plumes of oxygen-robbing algae, fed by excess nitrogen coming in from the Mississippi River, kill off marine life and threaten the livelihoods of those who fish the Gulf. States bordering the Mississippi River are putting strategies in place to limit nitrogen from wastewater treatment plants, surface runoff, and agricultural fields. In a new study, University of Illinois scientists have estimated that a new conservation practice known as saturated buffers could reduce nitrogen from agricultural drainage by 5 to 10%.“It might not sound like much, given that agricultural drainage only represents a portion of the nitrogen getting into the Mississippi. But 5 to 10% is pretty good for an inexpensive, passive system that farmers can put in and forget about,” said Reid Christianson, research assistant professor in the Department of Crop Sciences at U of I and co-author of the study.Saturated buffers are vegetated strips of land — as little as 30 feet across — between tile-drained agricultural fields and waterways. Ordinarily, tile pipes carrying drainage water from the fields empty directly into ditches or streams. With a saturated buffer, the water is re-routed to a perforated pipe running below the surface and parallel to the stream. Water then flows through the soil of the saturated buffer into the stream. Along the way, soil microbes naturally remove up to 44% of the nitrogen.“Saturated buffers don’t take a lot of land out of production, and are fairly inexpensive at $3,000 to $4,000 to treat drainage from a field-sized area (roughly 30 to 80 acres). Farmers have to be willing to not farm right up to the creek, but in terms of edge-of-field conservation practices, I think saturated buffers fit easily with farming and provide additional benefits like wildlife and pollinator habitat,” said Laura Christianson, assistant professor also in the crop sciences department and co-author of the study.To arrive at their nitrogen reduction estimate, the Christiansons and doctoral student Janith Chandrasoma looked at publicly available digital maps of crop, soil, and stream types to estimate the total number of saturated buffers that could be installed across the Midwest: 248,000 to 360,000, which could treat up to 9.5 million acres of drained land. With other studies showing average nitrogen removal rates between 23 and 44%, this number of saturated buffers would reduce the total nitrogen load in agricultural drainage by 5 to 10%.Laura says the approach required a lot of assumptions. For example, there are no satellite images or maps for tile drainage systems across the entire Midwest, so the researchers made the assumption that corn or soybeans fields on soil characterized as “poorly drained” were most likely tiled. However, Reid notes tile drainage systems are installed under many corn and soybean fields in the Midwest, not just poorly drained ones.“Overall, our assumptions were relatively conservative. We probably underestimated our figures as a result,” he said.Saturated buffers are a new conservation practice, with the first Natural Resources Conservation Service standard published in 2016. So far, they have not been adopted on anywhere near the scale shown possible in the Christiansons’ study. For example, Laura estimates there are probably fewer than 50 saturated buffers currently operating across the entire Midwest region.“Adoption on the scale we estimated in the paper is likely a long way off,” she said, “but anything we can do to reduce nitrogen flowing to the Gulf, especially if it fits relatively easily with current on-farm management practices, warrants attention.”The paper, “Saturated buffers: What is their potential impact across the US Midwest?” is published in Agricultural and Environmental Letters [DOI: 10.2134/ael2018.11.0059]. Authors include Janith Chandrasoma, Reid Christianson, and Laura Christianson, all from the Department of Crop Sciences in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at U of I. The work was funded through the USDA Farm Service Agency.