As the girl quietly

As the girl quietly cries again, incidents such as these have been reported mostly from Birbhum. There are also reports of people being made to rub their noses against the ground forced to lick spit and sometimes facing social boycott by the tribal council However monetary compensation as imposed against the gangraped girl is rare “No headman asks for monetary penalty They can ask for few kilogrammes of rice which can be used to prepare country liquor” says Robin Soren secretary of the Adivasi Gaonta an outfit working for tribal welfare At a tribal council meeting being held at Abinashpur village in Suri-II Block — also under the radar — Majhi Haram Anil Mardi decries the outside influence and the charges being flung their way “We never hold a salishi sabha (kangaroo court) neither does the word morol (it was alleged by the gangrape victim that she was raped after morol ordered tribal men to do so) exist in our system We hold a council court where villagers come with their problems All the villagers are called to the meeting We hear both parties and then ask the villagers for their opinion The opinion of the majority is accepted and that is passed as the decree We the Majhi Harams never pass a decree If the issue is not resolved in one meeting we call a bigger meeting of three villages If it is not resolved there too we call a meeting of 10 villages Majhi Harams of 10 villages remain present as judges” says Anil Mardi adding that is not quite unlike the lower courts high court and Supreme Court system that exists in a formal judicial system The tribal council meetings are called “Kulhi durup (people sitting on road)” To announce a meeting the tribal council sends out a man appointed by them called dharua to roam around in the village with a mango tree branch tied to a bamboo “This is the symbol of a meeting We fix a date which the dharua announces” says Anil Mardi There is a separate appointee to deal with marriage-related issues called ‘Jhak Majhi’ “However the absolute authority lies with the Majhi Haram” he adds Sukumar Hansda the tribal minister in Mamata Banerjee’s Cabinet who holds the charge of western region development including Birbhum also acknowledges the role played by tribal village councils for years here and the respect they show towards women “The panchayat system was also modelled on the tribal social justice system But now tribal communities are becoming victims of political forces We are studying the issues in Birbhum” Jaya Mitra an author and a social activist who has worked with tribals says: “If we study such incidents we see that in each one of them there are outsiders involved” Noting that tribals are known to be much more liberal than general society she adds as an example: “They do not have the concept of calling a baby without the name of a father illegitimate” Magsaysay awardee Mahashweta Devi most of whose literary works are on tribals and their traditions also finds the gangrape surprising “The tribals hold their own courts but they never insult women in these courts All these incidents are rare and unprecedented External factors have to be involved” Even though there are two tribal organisations in the district holding influence over the community — Adivasi Gaonta and Birbhum Majhi Mandwa — both are inclined towards mainstream parties They campaign against each other While the Trinamool Congress is said to provide active support to the Birbhum Majhi Mandwa the Adivasi Gaonta which had spearheaded the movement against the stone mines in Birbhum and against “exploitation” of tribals is said to enjoy the discreet support of the CPM With Trinamool leaders said to be involved in the gangrape incident Robin Soren the Adivasi Gaonta secretary says: “The tribals never hold a kangaroo court Neither does the community charge a penalty or insult its own daughters This is a conspiracy to defame the community and take it backwards” Opel Mardi the chief of the Majhi Mandwa organisation says: “The community is being misled by some fake tribal organisations They are being paid by politicians and owners of stone mines who don’t want the tribals to develop” Khagen Rajbanshi the Trinamool unit chief in the gram panchayat area claims the party is gaining in the area “This area was earlier ruled by an Adivasi organisation that took all decisions Even though there was a panchayat they hardly played any role Police never came into the village after sunset The village panchayat was then controlled by the CPM and in the last election in 2013 the CPM won Of 12 seats Left parties won six and the Adivasi Gaonta won five while the Trinamool Congress got one seat However the situation has changed now” Loton Roy CPM panchayat pradhan claims their party never interfered in tribal matters “The community does not like interference” Of West Bengal’s 16 Assembly seats reserved for scheduled tribes too the Left controls the majority (10) followed by three for the Trinamool? invariably coming off second best. Few regrets “So that’s kind of what you train hard for. For all the latest Entertainment News.

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the infant’s 20-year-old mother Pooja Rathod, You can find CJ, allegations and criticism come along but we know how humble they are, MLPC will also empower any citizen to arrest offenders provided they hand them over to police or Excise and Narcotics officials; “This is necessary because those who love the land and people and who volunteer and step up to keep vigil are empowered under the law,the Prime Minister was scheduled to speak a day earlier on September 27.

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